From Wrath to Righteousness
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Wrath of God revealed.
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
Righteousness of God revealed. It's a new section in this epistle.
It's been bad news, now it's good news.
Up to this point in the book, it's all been bad news. Mankind has entered a courtroom and God is the judge, and we are accused of high treason against heaven.
The heathen hopes to be acquitted on basis of ignorance, but the witnesses of conscience and creation take the stand and undercut his case.
The moral person is guilty as well, even though he's a good person by comparison. He hasn't sinned outwardly like the heathen, but he has inwardly - lust is adultery, covetousness is stealing, hatred is murder.
The religious person does good works and keeps the law, he thinks, but they have no case at all...we are all sinners...guilty. Sinners by nature, sinners by choice...and therefore subject to the wrath of God against sin.
And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
This is the final sentence. Nothing could be more tragic. But here in v. 21 is a 'grand canyon division.' From darkness to light, what a difference.
First 2 words of v. 21: 'but now'
In spite of our sin and guilt, and deserving wrath, righteousness comes on the scene...and it's not our righteousness! It's God's!
It means we can become right in the sight of God...better news doesn't exist in this universe!
Wrath is revealed, but now righteousness is revealed. But we must go by God's terms. There's not many roads to heaven. There is one road, and it is revealed here. It is justification by faith, whereby God declares the believing sinner to be righteous.
Just as if I'd never sinned!
Christians aren't perfect, just forgiven...but it's better than that in God's economy...it's as if those sins never happened...erased!
1. Justification is an act, not a process.
It's a one time event which occurs at salvation...not an ongoing thing. It happens in an instant. Catholics believe justification is a process that begins at infant baptism, and continues through confirmation, catechism, confession, sacraments, and all kinds of good works. And if you commit a 'mortal sin', your justification is interrupted and you'd better make things right or face purgatory.
Biblically, justification is a one time event, when God places your sin on Christ on His cross, paying for those sins. Then he places Christ's righteousness upon you...and you've moved from wrath to righteousness!
It's a legal declaration that is made. You cannot lose your salvation, you didn't earn it, you were declared to be saved, undeserving, and so if you sin and feel undeserving, you are!
2. Justification has no degrees.
You are justified or you are not. No levels. I am no more justified than you are. You can’t be kind of justified anymore than you can be kind of pregnant.
3. Justification is done by God, not man.
Faith is all we bring to the table. This leaves no room for boasting.
In chapter 4 Paul will give a great illustration of justification, using Abraham. In chapter 5 we'll see the benefits of justification.
For now, just these 2 verses, 21-22 in chapter 3.
Paul says, here's 5 statements about what it is...
1 Corinthians 1:29-31
29 That no flesh should glory in his presence.
30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
Will we sing 'How Great I Am' in heaven? No way! God gets the glory.
Those who try to be good enough for heaven are attempting to steal God's glory. God will share all He has w/ us except His glory.
2 Corinthians 5:21
For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
v. 21 'without the law'
Good works have nothing to do with it. The law demands perfection and we're not perfect.
Many churches teach grace + works. What does the Bible say?
And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Grace and works are mutually exclusive.
What a privilege now to do good works because we want to, not because we have to.
v. 21 'manifested'
Means revealed or demonstrated. In the person of Christ on the cross of death. God demands righteousness and God provides it to us.
"How could a good God send people to hell?" people ask.
We should turn it around. "How could a perfect, holy, righteous God allow sin into His presence?"
v. 21 'law and prophets.'
Every OT sacrifice spoke of the Lamb of God to come. Every prophet spoke of the Messiah to come.
v. 22 Jesus Christ. There's no other name. No other way. He's not one way, or a better way...but the only way!
Why Jesus? Paul couldn't die for my sins, he had his own to worry about. [Moses/Abraham/Peter/Me]
Jesus had no sin.
'unto all and upon all' What does this mean?
It's offered and available unto all. But it's only upon all them that believe. The gift is held out to all, but only those who believe it receive it...they reach out and take it.
ill.--if I tell you there's a guy outside giving out $100 bills to anyone who will receive it, you could believe that is a fact but you won't have it until you take it for yourself.
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